Tuesday March 4th 1806.

the Anchovey is so delicate that they soon become tainted unless pickled or smoked.

they coock their sturgeon by means of vapor or steam.
Meriwether Lewis

Locally, eulachon are called smelt. These are also called Candlefish.
Learn more: Wikipedia | Wikimedia Commons

Eulachon (Thaleichthys pacificus)

Pile of small silver fish

Photo courtesy of National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Tuesday March 4th 1806.

It rained hard all last night, & continued the same during the whole of this day.
Nothing material happened at the fort worth mentioning.
-Meriwether Lewis-

Photo date: April 1, 2009

Fort Clatsop

Looking out the fort door with rain drops falling

Photo taken with permission at Lewis and Clark National Historic Park, Fort Clatsop.

Tuesday March 4th 1806.

they coock their sturgeon by means of vapor or steam...
a bisk fire is kindled on which a parcel of stones are lad....
the sturgeon which had been previously cut into large fletches is now laid on the hot stones;
a parsel of small boughs of bushes is next laid on and a second course of the sturgeon....
it is next covered closely with matts and water is poared in such manner as to run in among the hot stones and the vapor arrising being confined by the mats, cooks the fish.
the whole process is performed in an hour, and the sturgeon thus cooked is much better than either boiled or roasted.
-Meriwether Lewis-

Smoked Sturgeon

Juicy fatty fish meat

Tuesday March 4th 1806.

The turtle dove and robbin are the same of our country and are found as well in the plain as open country.
-Meriwether Lewis-

Learn more: Wikipedia | Wikimedia Commons

Mourning dove (Zenaida macroura)

Small bird with feathers in grays and whites.

Photo ©2005 Mdf. Permission via the GNU Free Documentation License.

Tuesday March 4th 1806.

the Columbian robbin heretofore discribed seems to be the inhabitant of the woody country exclusively.
-Meriwether Lewis-

Learn more: Wikipedia | Wikimedia Commons

Varied thrush (Zoothera naevia)

Very small bird with orange front and black highlights

Photo ©2007 Walter Siegmund. Permission via the GNU Free Documentation License.

Tuesday March 4th 1806.

The Magpy is most commonly found in the open country and are the same with those formerly discribed on the Missouri.
-Meriwether Lewis-

Learn more: Wikipedia | Wikimedia Commons

Black-billed magpie (Pica hudsonia)

Very small bird with orange front and black highlights

Photo ©2009 Dick Daniels. Permission via the GNU Free Documentation License.

Tuesday March 4th 1806.

the large woodpecker or log cock, the lark woodpecker and the small white woodpecker with a read head are the same with those of the Atlantic states and are found excelusively in the timbered country.
-Meriwether Lewis-

Learn more about the Pileated Woodpecker (log cock): Wikipedia | Wikimedia Commons

Learn more about the Northen flicker (lark woodpecker): Wikipedia | Wikimedia Commons

Learn more about the Red-breasted Sapsucker: Wikipedia | Wikimedia Commons

Pileated Woodpecker (Dryocopus pileatus)
Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus)
Red-breasted Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus ruber)

Side-by-side comparision of three birds

Pileated Woodpecker: Photo ©2004 Lorax. Permission via the Creative Commons 3.0 License.

Northern Flicker: Photo ©2006 by unknown. Permission granted by Nature's Pics.

Red-breasted sapsucker: Photo created by Dave Menke of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

Tuesday March 4th 1806.

The blue crested Corvus and the small white breasted do have been previously discribed and are the natives of a piney country invariably, being found as well on the rocky mountains as on this coast.
-Meriwether Lewis-

Learn more about the Stellar's jay: Wikipedia | Wikimedia Commons

Learn more about the Gray jay: Wikipedia | Wikimedia Commons

Stellar's Jay (Cyanocitta stelleri)
Gray Jay (Perisoreus canadensis)

Two very different types of Jays compared

Stellars jay: Photo ©2006 by unknown. Permission via the Creative Commons 3.0 License.

Gray jay: Photo ©2007 by Alan D. Wilson. Permission via the Creative Commons 3.0 License.

Tuesday March 4th 1806.

the lark is found in the plains only and are the same with those before mentioned on the Missouri, and not very unlike what is called in Virginia the old field lark.
-Meriwether Lewis-

Learn more: Wikipedia | Wikimedia Commons

Western meadowlark (Sturnella neglecta)

Bird with bright yellow front

Photo ©2008 Kevin Cole. Permission via the Creative Commons 2.0 License.

Tuesday March 4th 1806.

The large blueish brown or sandhill Crain are found in the valley of the Rocky mountains in Summer and Autumn where they raise their young, and in the winter and begining of spring on this river below tidewater and on this coast.
they are the same as those common to the Southern and Western States where they are most generally known by the name of the Sandhill crain.
-Meriwether Lewis-

Learn more: Wikipedia | Wikimedia Commons

Sandhill Crane (Grus canadensis)

Three large tan birds in flight

Photo ©2006 Jerry Friedman. Permission via the GNU Free Documentation License.

Tuesday March 4th 1806.

there are two species of the fly-catch, a small redish brown species with a short tail, round body, short neck and short pointed beak.
they have some fine black specks intermixed with the uniform redish brown.
this the same with that which remains all winter in Virginia where it is sometimes called the wren.
-Meriwether Lewis-

Learn more: Wikipedia | Wikimedia Commons

Winter wren (Troglodytes hiemalis)

Small bird colored with tans, reds, and browns

Photo ©2007 Paul Stein. Permission via the Creative Commons 2.0 License.